Picture of Mona Lisa

Survey of Art 1B
Italian Renaissance

Fast Facts

Italian Renaissance architecture in 15th century Florence was based upon the theory, appearance, measurements and details of Classical World architecture, particularly Roman buildings.

Brunelleschi, the era's chief architect chose Classical components to humanize Christian and secular buildings. He proposed “A New Athens” be built to glorify and celebrate Quattrocentro Florence.

 

 

Florence Cathedral

Architect: Fillipo Brunelleschi (1377-1446)
@UVA

 

Picture of Hospital of the Innocents

Hospital of the Innocents, Loggia Facade

Architect: Fillipo Brunelleschi (1377-1446)
@UVA

 

Picture of Hospital of the Innocents, medallions

Hospital of the Innocents, Medallions

Artist: Luca della Robbia (1400-1482)
@UVA

 

Italian Renaissance Sculpture reflects a sense of confidence, promise and well being.

Christian, secular, and civic subjects are combined with Classical World ideas, models and purposes.

 

Picture of "David" by Donatello

David, c.1444/46

Artist: Donatello (c.1386-1466)
Artchive

 

 

Picture of "David" by Verrocchio

David,1472-1475

Artist: Andrea Verrocchio (1435-1488)
@Thais
 

 

 

Picture of "Hercules and Antaeus" by Verrocchio

Hercules and Antaeus, c.1475

Artist: Andrea Verrocchio (1435-1488)
@Thais
 

 

 

The Neoplatonic Society, under the leadership of Marsilio Ficino, sought to assimilate Greek and Roman philosophies, models and texts into Christian theology. He and his followers believed that nature as an instrument of the divine provided a “stairway to God”; thus, Plato was embraced because he taught that the study of nature promoted harmony. Neoplatonism shaped the thinking of the society's sponsor, Lorenzo de'Medici (Lorenzo the Magnificent) and most of the powerful Florentine families who supported humanism, financially and philosophically. Donors enjoyed seeing images of themselves and family members incorporated into public works. Importance of the individual is seen in the painted figure as deemed appropriate by the artist and his patron.

 

 

Picture of "The Trinity" by Masaccio

The Trinity, 1425

The Trinity - detail 1
The Trinity - detail 2
Artist: Masaccio (1404-1429)
Artchive

 

Picture of "The Tribute Money" by Masaccio

The Tribute Money, 1425

Artist: Masaccio (1404-1429)
Artchive

 

Picture of "Virgin with Angles" by Lippi

Virgin with Angels, 1452

Artist: Fra Filippo Lippi (c.1406-1469)
Artchive

 

Picture of "The Resurrection" by Piero della Francesca

The Resurrection, 1463

Artist: Piero della Francesca (1406-1492)
Artchive

 

Picture of "The Dream of Constantine" by Piero della Francesca

The Dream of Constantine - Bacci Chapel, 1452

Artist: Piero della Francesca (1406-1492)
Artchive

 

Picture of "Duke and Duchess of Urbino" by Piero della Francesca

Duke and Dutchess of Urbino, 1472-1473

Artist: Piero della Francesca (1406-1492)
Artchive

 

Picture of "Birth of Venus" by Boticelli

Birth of Venus, 1483

detail

Artist: Sandro Botticelli (1445-1510)
Artchive

 

Picture of "Primavera" by Boticelli

Allegory of Spring, Primavera, 1482

detail

Artist: Sandro Botticelli (1445-1510)
Artchive

 

Dead Christ, 1500

Artist: Andrea Mantegna (1431-1506)
Artchive

 

To contact the instructor or for comments:

kathleen_grisham@westvalley.edu

 

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Kathleen Grisham
Instructor's e-mail address: kathleen_grisham@westvalley.edu
Instructor's homepage:

http://instruct.westvalley.edu/grisham