Post-Impressionism follows Impressionism. The artists involved were influenced by Impressionism although their work shares few similarities. Disinterested in recording light and color phenomena, Post-Impressionism is characterized by bright color, sharp, often outlined edges. In pursuit of individual goals, theories, and interests, they don't work or exhibit together.
Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec (too-LOOZ-loe-trek) 1864-1901
Famous as an artist and as an aristocrat in Paris, Toulouse-Lautrec traveled and associated with the intellectuals of the era. Feeling physically grotesque, Lautrec removed himself from a traditional life in favor of the Parisian underworld from which his unromantic contemporary subjects were drawn. He painted social taboos and sordid truths of Parisian life in a straightforward unsentimental manner. The resulting work ironically elevates low life to high art. The general public found his work distasteful and shocking! He was influenced by Japanese prints and the Impressionist, Degas.
Quadrille at the Moulin Rouge, 1892
Moulin Rouge, 1893
The New Girls, 1893
Paul Cezanne (say ZAHN) 1839-1906
Cezanne began painting outdoors in 1872 and exhibited with the Impressionists a few times before breaking with them in 1887. While the Impressionist's focused on dissolved form; Cezanne focused on arrangements of constructed forms. Young artists often romanticize the last twenty years of Cezanne's life spent in Provence in the South of France. Because they see him as a rebellious, reclusive primitive who gave it all up to be an artist, they take artistic permission from him. If Cezanne did it, I can do it.
Cezanne developed a theory of what art should be and then attempted to explain it through his paintings. He believed that there was hidden order in nature and that it was to be found in non-traditional, ambiguous space; therefore, he abandoned the traditional illusionist distinctions of foreground and background. His paintings are abstract, yet objects within them are recognizable. Cezanne's revolutionary theories and work lead to Cubism.
Self Portrait, 1879
Still Life with Plate of Cherries, 1885
Compote, Pitcher and Fruit, 1892
Still Life with Apples, 1895
Still Life with Flower Holder, 1905
The Card Players, 1892
Woman Seated, in Blue, 1902
Chateau Noir, 1900
Mont Sainte Victoire, 1900
Vincent van Gogh (GOE) 1853-1890
Van Gogh turned to painting after disappointing attempts at other careers. Supported by his brother Theo, he went to Paris where he associated with and was influenced by the Impressionists. His avid moralizing and unceasing need for love, friendships and approval frightened people. He and his work were intense. It is questionable that he sold even one work.
The Potato Eaters, 1885
Self-Portrait with Felt Hat, 1887
The Night Cafe, 1888
Starry Night, 1889
Van Gogh's Bedroom at Arles, 1889
Portrait of Dr. Gachet, 1890
Fourteen Sunflowers in a Vase, 1888
Field of Poppies, 1889
Wheat Field Under Threatening Skies, 1890
Paul Gauguin (go-GA(N)) 1848-1903
Fast Facts Paul Gauguin, a one-time stockbroker, left his middle class life, wife and family to establish a personal reality through art. At one point, he exhibited with the Impressionists then broke with them to work in artistic isolation. Gauguin believed that painting should be a synthesis of remembered places rather than be the results of direct observation. His paintings illustrate the world as he imagines it rather than as others see it.
Spirit of the Dead Watching, 1892
Van Gogh Painting Sunflowers, 1888
Auguste Rodin (roe-DAN) 1840-1917
Prior to Rodin, academic sculpture lacked strong expression and sensitivity. Most often it was sentimental and idealized with an understood purpose to delight, inspire or educate. Rodin is the first modernist sculptor to break with that accepted tradition and make sculpture in which the experimental, creative process shows. Like Impressionist painters, Rodin was interested in the play of light on the surface of objects he observed in nature.
The Gates of Hell - 1880-89
The Thinker - 1879-89
The Burghers of Calais - 1884-86
The Kiss - 1886
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