West Valley College

Human Anatomy

Biology 47- 52918

Spring 2017

Lecture Instructor: Leticia Gallardo

Email: leticia.gallardo@westvalley.edu

Office: SM 55H                  Phone: 408-741-2416

Office Hours: MW 2:10-3:10pm; T 10:55-12:00pm SM55H or by appt.

Course:       Bio 47- Human Anatomy- 5 units

Web Page:   instruct.westvalley.edu/gallardo/

MasteringA&P Webpage: http://www.pearsonmylabandmastering.com/northamerica/masteringaandp/

MasteringA&P Course IDMAPGALLARDO81861

Class Hrs: Lec. MW 12:30-1:55 pm SM 35

   Lab MW 9:20-12:30 pm SM 58                              

Prerequisites: Successful completion of college or high school biology (C or better). It is in your best interest to take a general biology class prior to enrolling in anatomy if you either do not remember general biology or have not adequately learned the material.


Required Text & Materials:

*Human Anatomy (8th Edition) Martini, F.H.,M.J. Timmons and M.P. McKinley. Prentice Hall, New Jersey, 2015. (www.aw-bc.com/martini) ISBN: 978-0321-90285-6

*Masteringa&p http://www.pearsonmylabandmastering.com/northamerica/masteringaandp/

* Biology 47 - Human Anatomy Laboratory Manual Spring 2017. Chimps Publishing; West Valley College Biology Department, C. Peters

Recommended Texts:

*A Photographic Atlas for the Anatomy and Physiology Laboratory (2nd); Van de Graff and Crawley, Morton Publishing Co., Englewood, CO.

*Dictionary of Word Roots and Combining Forms. Borror, D.J., Mayfield Publishing Co. ISBN: 0874840538

*The Human Anatomy Coloring Book (2nd) Kapit, W. and L.M. Elison, Harper Collins

   Publishing Co., New York, NY. ISBN: 0805350861

*Human Anatomy Color Atlas & Text (3rd) Gosling, Harris, Humperson, Whitmore and

  Wilan, Mosby-Wolfe Publishing Co., London. ISBN: 0723426570


1. Quiz Scantron Forms: Used for Quizzes; 10-12 (15 question forms): # 815-E

2. Exam Scantron Forms: Used for exams; 6 (100 question forms): #

3. ALL necessary laboratory materials (Dissecting instruments) will be provided

Recommended Supplies:

1. 2- 3 Ring Binders for organizing lecture and laboratory handouts

2. Laboratory Coat or “Grubby” clothes for laboratory dissections: Lab coats can be

purchased in the bookstore or most medical supply stores.

3. “Dust Mask” or respiratory (purchased from Home Depot or OSH) to minimize odor

associated with cadavers and other preserved materials

General Course Description:

The purpose of this course is to introduce you to many of the fundamental concepts in anatomy. Biology 47 is a five unit, semester lecture and laboratory course. It is an in depth study of the microscopic and macroscopic structures of the human body systems. The course is designed to satisfy the anatomy requirements for degrees in Nursing, Physician Assistant, Physical Therapy, Dental Hygiene, Dentistry, Human Performance, Occupational Therapy, and others. It is acceptable for credit by the University of California and the California State Universities (caution: if you plan to transfer it is your responsibility to confirm with the department /institution to which you wish to transfer that this course meets their requirements, they have the final say). As a transferable course the academic rigor that students will be held accountable for will be comparable to a “university level” undergraduate human anatomy course.

The class will include 3 hrs of lecture and 6 hrs of lab weekly. The fundamentals of anatomy will be introduced through the lectures and laboratory demonstrations and activities. The laboratory portion of the class consists of the examination and study of models, histological slides, preserved and unpreserved animal materials (cats and sheep), and human cadavers.

Course Expectations:

This anatomy course meets for 9 hours per week, 3 hours scheduled for lecture and 6 hours scheduled for lab. In addition to the scheduled class meetings, plan on spending additional study time. To get the most out of this class you should expect to devote as much as 18-27 hours a week outside of class. The amount of time you spend in and outside of class will, in a large part, determine how well you do in the course. Students are expected to attend and participate in ALL lectures and lab classes. Any student absent from 4 or more class sessions (lab or lecture) may be dropped from the course by the instructor. Students are encouraged to remain active participants in both lectures and laboratory classes. Class involvement will not only make the course more interesting, but will also facilitate student understanding, learning and retention. All students are expected to arrive to class on time, having read the related material relevant to lectures and labs. If you do arrive late please sit in the back or side of the room so as not to disrupt the class (your peers or instructor)

Upon completion of this course the student should be able to:

*Demonstrate detailed knowledge of the microscopic structure of the adult human tissues.

*Demonstrate exceptional knowledge of human gross anatomy.

*Demonstrate understanding of relationships between regionally and functionally related structures, organs, and organ systems.

*Students will be able to explain the interrelationships between the structure and functions of organs.

 *Students will be able to explain the structural relationships between organ systems.


Course Format:

Lecture Format: Lectures will be used to present, clarify, and expand on information which is presented in your book and laboratory manual. Although we will follow a typical lecture format, class participation and involvement is encouraged. If, during lecture, you have a question raise your hand and I will try to answer when appropriate. Otherwise please do not talk during lecture– it is disruptive to me and your fellow students! You do not need to bring your text to class; however, it will be to your benefit to have it available. You are required to know all of the information presented in the class lectures whether the material is in the text or not.


Laboratory Format: Lab is an extremely important component of this course. Your hands-on exposure to materials is an invaluable experience that many of you would not experience anywhere else! Plan on spending the entire assigned lab time in lab each week (minimum of 6 hours per week). Working with a group or as an individual you will explore the anatomical world through the use of histological slides, models, preserved animals, and human cadavers. Your experience will depend on your involvement and participation, the more prepared you arrive to lab the more you will gain from the experience. You will be held accountable for all information contained in the laboratory manual.

At the end of each lab, it is your responsibility to be sure that all materials are clean and returned to their correct location. The tables should be wiped down following each lab. You should leave the laboratory should be cleaner than when you walked in.


Lab Safety: In the event of an emergency student safety in the class is a primary concern. Please use your best judgment! Instructions for laboratory safety will be outlined during the first laboratory section. Students who miss this review are responsible for contacting the instructor for this information. In order to maximize safety students should be familiar with their surroundings. You should know the location of the first aid kit, fire extinguisher, eye wash, the nearest emergency phone, and emergency exit and procedures. In the event of an emergency that requires the evacuation of the building (earthquake or fire), once safety of exit has been evaluated, we will exit the building through the outside door and walk to parking lot #2. In this event you MUST follow the instructor’s directions and remain with the instructor until you are dismissed.


Special Accommodations: If you have a learning or physical need that will require special accommodations in this class you will need to notify me in writing of your accommodation needs. Please notify me following the first class if you require any special accommodations for learning or physical impairments. This will allow me to best meet your needs and allow us ample opportunity to provide suitable accommodations. West Valley College makes reasonable accommodations for persons with documented disabilities. College materials will be available in alternate formats (Braille, audio, electronic format, or large print) upon request. Please contact the Disability and Educational Support Program at (408) 741-2010 (voice) or (408) 741-2658 (TTY) for assistance.


Use of Animals & Human Cadavers in the Lab: Part of the course includes learning basic animal anatomy. In order to achieve this, there are several labs that require preserved animal dissection. Preserved human material will also be used extensively. Respectful treatment of these specimens is mandatory.  If you have strong objections to any of these procedures see me after the first class period


Study Time: For each hour spent in class, students should expect to spend at least 2 to 3 hours outside of class studying in order to achieve an average grade (C). (Note the estimate for the average student to earn an average grade for this class is 18 – 27 hours per week!) You should find yourself studying, reviewing and preparing for class and lab each day of the week! (Basically eat, breath, and sleep Anatomy!).

Note: Be careful not to confuse quantity studying with quality study. Simply spending time with your books and materials will not earn you a better grade. Only hours of directed, motivated studying will work toward earning you a better grade! As your instructor, I am here to facilitate your learning experience by presenting the material and assisting in your understanding. I will do as much as I can to help you, but ultimately it is you who will earn your final grade! If you are struggling with the concepts presented in lecture or lab review the “tips for success” section of the syllabus and contact me for help.


Homework: Homework assignments will be assigned throughout the semester. Additionally, study questions designed to help students gauge their mastery of the material are provided at the end of all labs. It is highly recommended that students answer these questions, as many will be incorporated into the exams & quizzes. Reading and studying the text/ lab handouts, reviewing lecture power points, and coming to class prepared are considered weekly homework. Homework assignments will be assigned throughout the semester and will be accessible on Masteringa&p webpage and the instructor webpage. It is the student’s responsibility to check the course calendar regularly for assignment due dates and times.

MasteringA&P Webpage: http://www.pearsonmylabandmastering.com/northamerica/masteringaandp/


MasteringA&P CourseIDMAPGALLARDO81861 

Attendance: Attendance is mandatory for student success. It is the student’s responsibility to attend ALL classes and labs, classes will start on time and will run the entire time; schedule doctor appointments, dental appointments, baby sitters etc. accordingly. If you are absent for any reason, please notify me as soon as possible. If a student misses a lecture or lab, it is his/her responsibility to obtain any handouts and information provided. Again, if a student is absent from more than four (lecture and/or lab) class sessions he/she will be DROPPED from the course. Recall that lectures and laboratory sessions are considered two separate classes and missing each counts for a separate absence. A portion of your grade will be determined by your participation, so it is important that you attend all class sessions to earn all possible points.


Conduct: Disruptive conduct in lecture and lab is unacceptable. This includes late arrivals, disruptive talk, passing notes, ringing cell phones, pagers and ipod use. Disruptive students will be asked to leave and will lose participation points. Continued disruptive behavior will result in disciplinary action.


Cell Phone Policy: “If I see it, I will take it.” Cell phone use is not allowed in class. Please exhibit courtesy to your classmates and instructor and keep your cell phone put away.


Websites: This course will have active website pages which can be used to review lecture & lab schedules and general class policies throughout the semester. Instructor’s lecture PowerPoint presentations will be made available to students weekly. These materials are highly beneficial to focusing your study time and if used properly will aid in your success in this course. Please keep in mind these resources are a privilege and not a right and may be discontinued at the instructor’s discretion.


Dropping: If you decide to drop the course it is up to you to fill out the appropriate paperwork and inform the instructor. Do not assume that if you stop coming to class that you will automatically be dropped. Students who fail to drop the course may receive a failing grade.


Adding: It is the student’s responsibility to complete the add process. Upon receiving an add code the student is responsible for contacting the admissions department and completing the appropriate paperwork within 48 hrs. Do not assume that if you are coming to class that you will automatically be added. Students who fail to complete the add process will NOT receive credit or a grade for the class.


Academic Integrity: Academic integrity is MANDATORY. The college policy on cheating is clearly spelled out in the college catalogue and will be strictly enforced.  Use of any method other than your knowledge and memory (such as notes, looking on other students papers, communication between students, etc.) to answer questions on an exam or quiz constitutes cheating and will result in failure of that exam or quiz. Dishonest behavior also includes: cheating, tampering, fabrication, plagiarism, and assisting (see course webpage “handout” folder for more details). Therefore, be proactive; keep your work to yourself and be sure that all work (papers and presentations) is in your own and in your own words- this includes group activities. Summaries and reports must be completed individually. Any student caught exhibiting dishonest behavior will be appropriately reprimanded. All dishonest behavior will be reported to the Vice president of Student Services and will undergo review by the Disciplinary Action Committee. Resulting disciplinary action may include one or more of the following; academic probation, suspension, expulsion from the district colleges, and academic dishonesty transcript notation.


Due to several incidents of cheating very strict testing procedures will be enforced!

1. Students will NOT be allowed to leave the room for any reason once the exam has been administered. This includes: using the restroom, answering cell phones, etc.

2. If you must leave the room you must turn in your exam and forfeit your remaining time. I will only grade the portion of the exam that you have completed.

3. Be on time! Once the first person leaves the exam room, no one arriving late will be allowed to start the exam.

4. All notes, books, and personal belongings will be either left outside the room or stored in the cabinets in the lab tables (NOT the cubbies in the lab tables).

5. Cell phones/pagers must be turned off during the exam and placed in backpacks or purses. Ringing cell phones and/or pagers during exams may result in failure of the exam. If you must leave your phone on during an exam please switch it to silent mode. If, for any reason, you answer a cell phone or pager during an exam you must turn in your exam and forfeit your remaining time.

6. Absolutely NO talking will be allowed during the exam.

7. Assigned seating will be utilized for examinations.

8. Absolutely no papers (other than those provided by the instructor) are allowed on or around the student’s workspace.

9. Cheating will result in a zero on the exam and probable expulsion from the class.

If circumstance precludes you from adhering to these policies you must speak to your instructor PRIOR to the exams.


Make-Up Policy: NO make up exams are given. Students who miss an exam will receive a score of zero. Be sure to show up!


Extra Credit: Extra credit assignments are not offered. If you are not performing as well as you would like, increasing your workload with extra credit assignments will not help. If you are having trouble please come see me and we can discuss possible alterations in your current study practices that may help improve your performance.

Extra credit points void when students violate class policies such as; exceeding maximum absences, arriving late, leaving early, cheating, etc.



Participation (30p): Participation will be evaluated through attendance records and participation & performance during lab activities. Some ways in which to lose participation points are: 1) missing class; 2) arriving late or leaving early; 3) violation of lab procedures; 4) leaving the lab work area in disarray or dirty; 5) demonstration of continued lack of preparation for lab; 6) failure to complete lab activities; and 7) disruptive behavior in class.


Homework (250p): Homework assignments will be provided throughout the semester to reinforce concepts covered in lecture and lab.

Assignments be accessible on Masteringa&p webpage and the instructor webpage

Masteringa&p CourseIDMAPGALLARDO80294


Quizzes (120p): Quizzes will cover both lecture and laboratory material. Quizzes will be administered at the beginning of lab class every 1-2 weeks. Quizzes may include a combination of multiple choice, true/ false, fill-in, or identification questions. Make-up quizzes are not available, so be sure to attend class. Quizzes will be worth 15 points. Quiz forms 815-E are required for quizzes.


Exams (600p): Students are responsible for all material presented in lecture & lab, whether it can be found in the text or not. Attendance of scheduled exams is mandatory. There are NO make-up exams. Failure to attend an exam may result failing grade for the course. Exams scores will not be dropped or substituted. Exams will begin promptly at the beginning of lab. Please arrive on time and note that you will not receive extra time to compensate a late arrival. Students who do not attend lecture on the day of scheduled exams will automatically lose 10 points off their exam score. Note: Please write legibly- my standard policy is if I can’t read it, it’s wrong!

There will be five non-comprehensive exams and one comprehensive final exam. The dates of these exams are listed in the course schedule. The exams will consist of a combination of multiple choice, matching, true/false, fill in the blank, short answer, and identification questions. Exams will cover BOTH lecture and lab material.

Grading: You are not in competition with other students. Your course grade will be determined by the total number of points you earn.

Point Breakdown:           

Homework totaling                                                 250 pts           

Quizzes (15 points each)                                        120 pts

Practical Exams (1 @ 100, 4 @ 125 pts each)         600 pts

Participation                                                            30 pts

Final Exam (150 points, comprehensive):               150 pts

Total Points Possible:                                             1150 pts

Grade Calculation: (pts. earned / pts. possible) x 100 = %

*If complications in assigned point allocation arise, the percent scale of the remaining points will be used to calculate grades

         Your final course grade will be based on the following scale:

         A (90-100%),  B (80-89%),  C (65-79%),  D (55-65%),  F (below 55%)

Periodically I will post your grades. This gives you the opportunity to confirm where you stand in the course, if you are missing any work or if I have made any errors recording your grades. Be sure to look it over. If you have any questions regarding any grade you receive and/or the grading method please feel free to talk to me.


Miscellaneous Notes: Due to the disruptive nature of cell phones and pagers all cell phones and pagers must be completely turned off while in lecture and lab. If for some reason you must leave your cell phone or pager on please switch it to silent mode and leave the room before answering it. Ringing cell phones and/or pagers during exams may result in failure of the exam. If you must leave your phone on during an exam please switch it to silent mode. If, for any reason, you answer a cell phone or pager during an exam you must turn in your exam and forfeit your remaining time. Disruptions of this nature will also result in the loss of participation points.


Tips for Success: There is a lot of information to be learned in this course and how you utilize your time will greatly influence how well you do. Everyone can succeed in this course. However, to do so you must make the effort. You must be willing to work hard and apply the necessary time to succeed. This includes attending class regularly, coming to class prepared, asking questions when you don't understand, taking good notes, in general, developing good study habits. If you don't have these skills, they can be developed, your instructor may be able to help. Set yourself up for success by not being disillusioned, it will take time, energy and a lot of effort, but the benefits are the enjoyment and knowledge you will gain. Stay on top of the material by reading your assignments prior to class so that you may get the most out of the time you have in class. In addition to studying the material on your own I suggest that you form small study groups to review the material. Once you feel comfortable with the material, get together with your study group and go over it. Answer the questions at the end of the chapters and labs. Make sure that you are not just memorizing the material, you should be able to understand and apply the facts and concepts presented in lecture & lab. If you can, you should be well prepared for the quizzes & exams. Also important: don't be afraid to ask for help if you need it. I will do everything I can to help facilitate your learning. I want you to be successful in this course. But it is up to you to come for help.

Note: This is a difficult class. You are not entitled to a passing grade, you must earn it. Those of you who do not put in the effort to study hard and attend class regularly most likely will not pass. You are responsible for meeting the requirements of the course and therefore for your own success. Remember, as your instructor, I am here to facilitate your education by presenting you with the material that you need to learn, and by assisting you with your understanding. I will try to make it fun and I will do everything I can to help you, however, I cannot learn it for you - that is your responsibility. If you have questions, please do not hesitate to ask. With effort you will learn and be successful - the effort, however, is up to you. Remember, learning is work!

Any student who feels that he/she is not performing to his/her expectations should feel free to come talk with me. I am available during office hours to discuss lecture or laboratory material that may be confusing, study skills, test taking strategies, etc. If this time is not convenient, I would be happy to make other arrangements if possible. Your peers are an invaluable resource, I highly recommend STUDY GROUPS to help facilitate your learning and retention. DO NOT procrastinate and think things will get better on their own. Seek help as soon as you begin struggling with the material.

Places to seek Additional Help:

Office Hours: MW 2:10-3:10pm; T 10:55-12:00pm(SM55H); or by appt.

Form study groups: Your fellow classmates are a valuable resource

Support Services:Please take advantage of the support services on campus- They are here to help you! Services contact information is listed below

Tutoring: Tutorial Services: All students are eligible for free on campus tutoring. If you wish to get help you MUST make the commitment to attend any scheduled tutorial sessions. If any student misses 2 un-cancelled tutorial sessions they will be dropped from the program.

Important Phone Numbers:

Life threatening emergency- Campus phone……………………………………………….....…..9-911

Student Health Services on campus……… ………………………….………………........…..……741-2027           

Safety Escort Service (Campus Police) ……………………….………………….......…….………741-2092

Science and Math Division office ……………………………………..…………………...........…….741-2018

Extended Opportunity Programs & Service (EOPS)……………………….…..…........…..741-2010

Disability & Educational Support Program (DESP)………………………..……………….....741-2010

Technology Center………………………………………………………………….……….....................…….741-2666

Tutorial Services……………………………………………………..………………..…………......................741-2038

Counseling Center…………………………………..………………………………….......................…………741-2009



Important Date                    Holidays:

Last day to Add……………………………….…Feb 12            President’s Day…………..……….Feb 17-Feb 20

Last day to drop without a “W” …... Feb 12              Cesar Chavez day……………….Mar 31

Last day to drop with a “W”…………... Apr 27             Spring Break………….…………….Mar 27- Apr 1           


Tentative Lecture & Lab Schedule











Anatomy Terminology #1




Microscopes/ Cytology #2/ Lab Safety

3, (2)





Histology #3

3, 4


Histology/ Membranes

Histology/ Osseous Tissue #4






Membranes/ Integument #5











5, 6, 7



Axial Skeleton: Skull #6

5, 6, 7





Axial Skeleton: Spine, Ribs, Sternum#7

5, 6, 7



Appendicular Skeleton: Upper Limb #8






Appendicular Skeleton: Lower Limb#9




Articulations #10




Muscular System




Muscular System

Myology #11




Muscular System

Myology; Skeletal Muscles: Lower Limb #11 & 12




Digestive System

Skeletal Muscles: Upper Limb & Trunk #13/14




Spring Break





Spring Break





Digestive System

Digestive System #15 & 16




Respiratory System

Digestive System #15 & 16




Respiratory System





Cardiovascular System

Respiratory System #16

20, 21



Cardiovascular System

Cardiovascular System: Heart #20




Cardiovascular System

Cardiovascular System: Thoracic #21




Urinary System

Abdominal Vessels & Histology  #22




Urinary System

Urinary System #17




Reproductive System





Reproductive System

Reproductive System:  #18 & #19




Reproductive System

Nervous System: CNS, Brain #23




Nervous System

Nervous System: Cranial Nerves #24

13, 14



Nervous System

Nervous System: Special Senses #25

13, 14



Nervous System



FINAL EXAM- Comprehensive Mon 5/22 11:50-1:50 PM SM 58



page created by Leticia Gallardo


last published: 1/25/17