Biology 47 - Home / Announcements - Spring 2018
TTh CRN #31057 & #31058

Date Posted Announcements (in reverse chronological order)
17 May 2018 Exam #6 (Final) is scheduled for Thursday May 24th in the lab room (SM 58).

7:40am Lab (CRN 31057) - Exam is scheduled for 9:40am-11:40am (please arrive by 9:30am)
12:50pm Lab (CRN 31058) - Exam is scheduled for 11:50am-1:50pm (please arrive by 11:40am)

Please refer to the study guide for more information on exam times and exam composition (i.e. list of topics and proportions). Refer to the course manual (and lecture notes & outlines) for a guide to what you need to know (note: the course manual is your primary study guide). Check your current grade here (grade reports are usually available 1-11/2 weeks after the exam).
17 May 2018 A key to the cardiovascular system homework is temporarily available here.
17 May 2018 Quizzes and homework assignments may be picked up from drawers in SM 55 (see map) or during office hours.
16 May 2018 Summer Cadaver Dissection
If you enjoyed taking anatomy and would like to learn more consider taking Biol 50 Human Cadaver Dissection this summer. Only 10 seats remain open. To register you must meet minimum requirements and contact the instructor for an add code. Contact: christine.peters@wvc.edu or 408-741-2626
15 May 2018 Supplemental images of Human Circulation are available here - supplemental human circulation images
15 May 2018

Interested in reinforcing what you have learned in your classes - consider becoming a tutor!
General info:
Students should like working/communicating with others
Have an overall 3.0 GPA and at least a B in the subject they will be tutoring
Potential tutors will need to take a .5 unit tutor training course: ISTU 40 (preferably over the summer to start tutoring in the fall) 
Benefits:
Earn money while helping others
Schedule work around your classes
Enhance your knowledge of the subject
Gain communication and leadership skills
And many more!

See the flyers here - Tutors Needed - Tutor Training

15 May 2017

Final Exam Review Sessions
The Success Center (aka Tutorial Services) is providing free final exam review sessions. Note that these are intended as review sessions for students that will show up ready to review and ask clarifying questions, not as catch-up sessions for students that have not studied. To participate you will need to sign up at the Tutorial and Assessment Center (TU on map). Sign up will require a 10-15 minute registration process.

For more information, including courses supported and session days and times, check the Success Center website for details (under the “Final Exam Review Sessions” tab): http://westvalley.edu/services/academic-success/tutorial/

14 May 2018 Quiz #12 is scheduled for Thursday May 17th at the start of lecture.
Approx. Breakdown: 25% Cardiovascular System: Heart (see chpts. 21 and lab 12), 50% Cardiovascular System: Blood Vessels (see chpts. 22, lab 12 and appendix A7), 25% Comprehensive Review (from entire semester - hint: use old quizzes and exams to identify what you need to review. Study the course manual for the review).
9 May 2018 Quiz #11 is scheduled for Tuesday May 15th at the start of lecture.
Approx. Breakdown: 15% Respiratory System (see chpt. 24 and lab 13), 40% Blood (see chpt. 20 and lab 12), 45% Cardiovascular System: General Concepts & Heart (see chpt. 21 and lab 12).
9 May 2018 Donations Request

As the semester comes to a close we are beginning to make plans for the next semester, including how we can help future students through the donation of no longer needed textbooks. Books for Food is requesting donations of textbooks for the Books for Food program. Donated books will be provided to future students in exchange for canned food donations supporting the Second Harvest Food Bank. Every donated text saves future students lots of $$$ and leads to food donations to Second Harvest Food Bank. In past semesters Books for Food has lent over 700 books and donated over 5,000 pounds of food! To continue to do so, Books for Food needs more donated books.

If you wish to participate, you may donate your Anatomy textbook (Martini. Human Anatomy, 8th or 9th ed., in good condition) by bringing it to class on the day of the final for 5 extra credit points. I will collect donated books for pick-up by Books for Food. Note: your donation of your textbook(s) would be greatly appreciated but is not required (keeping, reselling, or donating to a friend may be a better choice for you, it is your decision). If you choose to donate your book you will be helping future students as well as supporting the Second Harvest Food Bank. Simultaneously, you may benefit from the donations made by others when you get books through the Books for Food program, so here’s your chance to pay it back/forward. See the Books for Food program website for available books.

Thanks for your consideration.
9 May 2018 Homework #5
Cardiovascular System Worksheet: Due by Thursday May 17th in lab.

Step 1: download the worksheet and questions here ().

Step 2: see lab manual for the questions and background information - the questions to be answered are part of the review questions at the end of chapter 12 in the lab manual, specifically questions 2, 4 & 5 from part B (Heart) and questions 2-5 from part C (Circulation). Use the worksheet provided here () to answer the questions.

Step 3: turn in the completed worksheet by the due date.

Note: Answers may be in the form of properly sequenced lists, drawings with labels and/or descriptive text.

29 Apr 2018 Exam #5 is scheduled for Thursday May 3rd in lab.
Please refer to the study guide for information on exam times and exam composition (i.e. list of topics and proportions). Refer to the course manual (also lecture notes & outlines) for a guide to what you need to know (note: the course manual is your primary study guide). Check your current grade here (grade reports are usually available 1-11/2 weeks after the exam).
25 Apr 2018 Quiz #10 is scheduled for Tuesday May 1st at the start of lecture.
Approx. Breakdown: 35% Digestive System (see chpt 25 and lab 11), 35% Endocrine System (see chpt 19 and lab 10), 20% Urinary System (see chpt 26 and lab 11), 10% Reproductive System (see chpt 27 and lab 15).
18 Apr 2018 Quiz #9 is scheduled for Tuesday April 24th at the start of lecture.
Approx. Breakdown: 100% Digestive System (see chpt 25 and lab 11).
18 Apr 2018 Reminder - the last day to drop is Thursday April 26th, 2018.
Dropping may be appropriate if you have stopped / or plan to stop attending class, or if you are performing so poorly in the class that you cannot earn a passing grade. Under these conditions dropping may be an appropriate choice for two reasons, (1) it will allow you to register to retake the course (hopefully before it fills) and (2) it will not have a negative effect on GPA calculations (although a "W" will be listed on your transcripts and this may be a factor when tansfering into some university programs).
Your may file a drop online through the WVCPortal (www.westvalley.edu/wvcportal/) or by visiting the Admissions and Records office (I will not automatically drop you for poor performance).
11 Apr 2018 Exam #4 is scheduled for Tuesday April 17th in lab.
Please refer to the study guide for information on exam times and exam composition (i.e. list of topics and proportions). Refer to the course manual (also lecture notes & outlines) for a guide to what you need to know (note: the course manual is your primary study guide). Check your current grade here (grade reports are usually available 1-11/2 weeks after the exam).
11 Apr 2018 Note: A key to the "Spinal Tracts" homework assignment is temporarily available here. -- no longer available --
9 Apr 2018 Quiz #8 is scheduled for Thursday April 12th at the start of lecture.
Approx. Breakdown: 60% Nervous System: General Structure & Gross Anatomy of the Brain (see chpts 14-17 and lab 8), 15% Cranial Nerves (see chpt 16 and lab 8), 10% Spinal Cord (see chpt 14 and lab 8) and 20% Sensory System: General & Eye (see chpt 18 and lab 9).
2 Apr 2018 Supplemental images for the brain are available here - supplemental brain images
28 Mar 2018 Quiz #7 is scheduled for Thursday April 5th at the start of lecture.
Approx. Breakdown: 50% General Nervous System Structure and Histology (see chpt 13 and lab 8 pp. 1-4), 20% Peripheral Nervous System Anatomy (see chpts. 14, 17 and lab 8 pp. 14, 16-17) and 30% Gross Brain Anatomy (see chpt. 15 and lab 8 pp. 5-7).
28 Mar 2018 Homework #4
Neural Pathways Worksheet: Due by Tuesday April 10th.

Step 1: download the worksheet here () to answer the questions.

Step 2: see course manual for the questions - the questions to be answered are part of the review questions at the end of chapter 8 in the lab manual (pp. 8-18), specifically questions 11, 12 & 13. Use the worksheets provided here () to answer the questions.

Step 3: turn in the completed worksheets by the due date.

Important Note: You do not need to illustrate any specifically named pathways. Instead you should summarize the general characteristics of (1) sensory, (2) somatic motor and (3) autonomic pathways. Describe the general course of the pathway. Identify each neuron by name, structural type & functional type. Describe the path of each neuron (paying attention to location of cell bodies, axons and synapses). Describe which neuron crosses over and where crossing over occurs. See chapter 8 in the course manual and chpts. 15 & 17 in the text (pay particular attention to figs. 15.3abc, 15.4ab & 15.5 & 17.3 as well as figures presented in lecture)

20 Mar 2018 Exam #3 is scheduled for Thursday March 22nd in lab.
Please refer to the study guide for information on exam times and exam composition (i.e. list of topics and proportions). Refer to the course manual (also lecture notes & outlines) for a guide to what you need to know (note: the course manual is your primary study guide). Check your current grade here (grade reports are usually available 1-11/2 weeks after the exam).
16 Mar 2018 Quiz #6 is scheduled for Tuesday March 20th at the start of lecture.
Approx. Breakdown: 35% General Muscle / Muscle Cell Structure (see chpt 9 and lab 7 pp. 1-6, 23-27), 35% Gross Muscle Identification - including axial, upper limb and lower limb muscles (see chpts 10 & 11 and lab 7 pp. 7-27), 30% Gross Muscle Action/Origin/Insertion - including axial, upper limb and lower limb muscles (see chpts 10 & 11 and lab 7 pp. 7-27).
16 Mar 2018 A clean copy of the muscles image in the course manual (for coloring and labelling) is available here for your convenience - muscle images
12 Mar 2018 Career Fair Flier
12 Mar 2018 National School Walkout
This Wednesday, March 14th at 10:00am, students may choose to participate in a 17-minute National School Walkout. West Valley College supports and honors this act of citizenship and will stand with our students who wish to express themselves thoughtfully and engage in the national dialogue on gun violence in our schools. Please feel free to participate - https://actionnetwork.org/events/west-valley-college-walkout
9 Mar 2018 "Healthcare is being hampered because of the public's poor basic knowledge of anatomy."
Read the article: https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/11/171107092848.htm
9 Mar 2018 Daylight Savings Begins Sunday Mar 11th at 2:00AM
Be sure to set your clocks ahead one hour on Sunday morning (prepare to lose one hour of sleep).
For more info:
https://news.nationalgeographic.com/2018/03/daylight-savings-time-arizona-florida-spring-forward-science/

https://www.cnn.com/2018/03/09/politics/daylight-saving-time-florida/index.html
7 Mar 2018 Quiz #5 is scheduled for Tuesday March 13th at the start of lecture.
Approx. Breakdown: 40% General Muscle Structure & Characteristics (see chpt 9 and lab 7 pp. 1-3), 25% Cellular Organization (see chpt 9 and lab 7 pp. 3-4), 35% Gross Muscle Anatomy (see chpt 10 and lab 7 pp. 6-10). Note: does not include physiology (pp. 4-5).
7 Mar 2018 Homework #3
Muscle Actions Worksheet: Due by Thursday March 15th, 2018

See the Lab Manual - the Muscle Actions Worksheet is part of lab manual chapter 7 (pp. 7-23 thru 7-26). You may also get the assignment here .

Note: Work through the worksheet without attempting to identify specific muscles. Instead, use the information given in the worksheet, your knowledge of the skeleton and your body to get a feel for how muscles are organized. The intent of the exercise is to become familiar with the guidelines that can help you determine a muscles action given its location, orientation and/or origin & insertion.

7 Mar 2018

Body Worlds Decoded at the Tech Museum of Innovation
Opened Sunday, October 15th
The Tech Museum of Innovation https://www.thetech.org/bodyworldsdecoded

"Body Worlds Decoded features eight full-body plastinates and more than 60 anatomical specimens, as well as augmented reality 3D organs and systems you can study using The Tech’s custom device, Iris. As you wander through this expansive gallery, you’ll explore the smallest organs to the most complex systems, including nervous, respiratory, cardiovascular, urinary, reproductive, digestive and locomotive."

27 Feb 2018 Exam #2 is scheduled for Tuesday March 6th in lab.
Please refer to the study guide for information on exam times and exam composition (i.e. list of topics and proportions). Refer to the course manual (also lecture notes & outlines) for a guide to what you need to know (note: the course manual is your primary study guide). Check your current grade here (grade reports are usually available 1-11/2 weeks after the exam).
26 Feb 2018 Quiz #4 is scheduled for Thursday March 1st at the start of lecture.
Approx. Breakdown: 50% Skull: Bones, Landmarks & Foramen (see chpt 6 and lab 5), 25% Axial Skeleton (see chpt 6 and lab 5), 0% Appendicular Skeleton (see chpt 7 and lab 5) and 25% Articulations (see chpt 8 and lab 6 pp. 1-2).
26 Feb 2018 Several students have found that there is not enough space to label all of the bones and bone landmarks associated with the skull on the single page of pictures in the course manual. A copy of that page is available here for your convenience - skull images
20 Jan 2017

Class Cancelled Tuesday February 20th
Both Lab and Lecture are cancelled today (Feb 20th) due to the cold temperatures and lack of heat in the lab room. Class will resume as scheduled on Thursday. Please review the online syllabus for changes to the schedule.

20 Jan 2018 Quiz #3 is scheduled for Postponed to Tuesday February 27th at the start of lecture.
Approx. Breakdown: 70% Skeletal System: General Bone Structure & Histology (see chpt 5 and lab 5 pp. 1-6), 30% Axial Skeleton: Skull (see chpt 6 and lab 5 pp. 6-9).
18 Jan 2018 Homework #2
Learning Preferences Assignment: Due by Tuesday February 27th, in lab.
Step 1: Print out the Learning Preference Assignment Sheet here
Step 2: Go to the VARK learning styles web page and complete the questionnaire.
            < http://www.vark-learn.com/english/page.asp?p=questionnaire >
Step 3: Review some of the study resources listed on the assignment sheet and briefly summarize one or more of the recommended study strategies presented for your learning preference. Turn in the assignment sheet by the due date.

Be sure to record your numerical results on the Assignment Sheet and turn it in on the due date
18 Jan 2018 TIP Regarding Study Resources (also see "Study Tips" notice below)

As we start into the study of gross anatomy, a common question students often have is, how can I study these materials when I am out of class? Purchasing your own anatomical models and specimens is not realistic, but there are options. Some are listed in the syllabus and include photo-atlases and coloring books. However, IF these are not enough, one HIGHLY recommended resource is the study room in the biology building (SM 55F). There are some materials (on a rotating basis) that will be placed in the study room as well as a small library and computer terminals. This is a great place for group study!

In addition, there are digital resources that will mimic the 3D nature of real anatomical specimens. There are, infact, many apps of this type. Although I am not attempting to promote one to the exclusion of all others, there are two that I have used and can recommend as a quality resource. You may find others you prefer or find that digital anatomy study aids are NOT for you. Both of the programs that I can recommend are very similar in that they display anatomical structures in 3D, letting you isolate one structure, or groups of structures, rotate them in any direction and, especially helpful, fade structures in and out so that you see the structures position in relation to everything else from any angle you want. Unfortunately neither program will include labels for all landmarks that you will be required to know, but they both do a great job recreating the 3D experience. Both should be available for Mac OS, Android and Windows platforms.

(1) The first one that I can recommend is from 3D4Medical. Visit the "3D4Medical" website by following the link below to learn more: http://www.3d4medical.com/start.html

(2) The second one that I can recommend is Visible Body: 3D Human Anatomy. Visit the "Visible Body" website by following the link below to learn more: http://www.visiblebody.com/index.html
8 Feb 2018 Exam #1 is scheduled for Tuesday February 13th in lab.
Please refer to the study guide for information on exam times and exam composition (i.e. list of topics and proportions). Refer to the course manual (also lecture notes & outlines) for a guide to what you need to know (note: the course manual is your primary study guide). Check your current grade here (grade reports are usually available 1-11/2 weeks after the exam).
5 Feb 2018 Quiz #2 is scheduled for Thursday February 8th at the start of lecture.
Approx. Breakdown: 30% Connective Tissue Histology (see chpt 3 and lab 3), 15% Muscle & Neural Tissue Histology (see chpt 3 and lab 3), 55% Cytology: the Cell (see chpt 2).
31 Jan 2018

Quiz #1 is scheduled for Tuesday February 6th at the start of lecture.
Approx. Breakdown: 50% Body Organization and Terminology (see chpt. 1 and lab 1), 30% Histology - Epithelial Tissues (see chpt 3 and lab 3), 15% Cytology: the Cell (see chpt 2 - just what was covered in lecture), 5% Microscopes (see lab 2).

Note: Quizzes are worth 20 points (20 questions), cover topics from both the lecture and the lab, and will include true/false, multiple choice, fill-in and identification questions. The identification question(s) will be based on diagrams on your quiz sheet and projected on screen. All questions will be answered on the quiz form (no scantron needed). You will have approximately 10-15 minutes to complete the exam.

31 Jan 2018

Study Tips: Time and active repetition are key elements that cannot be overlooked when attempting to learn anything, particularly memory intensive material like anatomy. The more time you spend actively reviewing the material, the more likely it is to stick. This does not mean reading the same thing over and over again. What it means is, going over the same information in a different, thus an active, way (meaning, you have to think about it). Most of what you will learn in anatomy will rely on memorization but some will also depend on your understanding concepts so they can be applied. Memorization is primarily a result of rote repetition but rote repetition will not help you understand concepts. Memorizing AND understanding concepts depends on repetition AND active thinking. Ask yourself, "what is this similar to?", "have I ever experienced this?", "what makes this special or stand out?", "where is this located / what is this near?", "can I feel this on my own body (or a willing partners)?", "what does it do?", "what makes this important to know" etc.

Example:
1st repetition - read the text / course manual reading assignment - while reading:
(a) think about what you understand and what you don't (mark what you don't understand and ask for clarification),
(b) think about what is important to remember, select that word, sentence or paragraph and highlight it. The process of actively selecting out and highlighting sections provides a guide for future review, but more importantly the active role increases retention the first time you read it.
(c) look at all the illustrations and identify all of the structures you are expected to know (i.e. highlight all of the labels).

2nd repetition - attend lecture / lab and take notes - yes, it is the same material but presented in a new format. The process of taking notes (writing down selected lecture info, not writing everything that is said, is an active process - again you must be thinking about it). This is also an important opportunity to ask questions.

3rd repetition - review the text, the course manual and your notes and create a summary sheet (the lecture outlines and course manual are designed for this purpose). Again you will be reviewing the same information in an active way (you must think about how to write it in a summary format that is complete and makes sense to you).

4th repetition - participate in the lab activities - this is a chance to experience the concepts described in the text and the lecture. It is the ONLY time when you will be able to seak out and find the structures you are expected to know on real specimens. Pictures alone will not work, use the lab time to actively go over ALL of the available lab materials (models, microscopes, cadavers etc...). The lab is also the best time to get help from the instructor.

5th repetition - answer all of the questions in the course manual (not to be turned in). This is good practice and will help identify what you understand and what you don't. These can be done as a group exercise as they can function as discussion points.

6th repetition - FORM STUDY GROUPS! - get together with one or two other students and review all that you have studied (caution: use study groups for review of what you have already studied, NOT as a way to study for the first time). Doing this weekly is ideal, the amount you will need to review will be smaller and more manageable than when study groups are used once just before the exam (although, an exam review is still beneficial).

This will all take a lot of time and effort. Expect to devote some time to studying anatomy EVERY DAY (close to 20 hours per week). Don't stop when you think you can remember it, keep reviewing until you know it with confidence!

Additional - get assistance - tutoring is available through the tutorial center (http://www.westvalley.edu/services/academic-success/tutorial/) and/or you can ask questions during office hours.
31 Jan 2018 Don't forget that you have two assignments due by February 13th (assignments can be completed and turned in any time up to the deadline):
1) Complete the Student Information Sheet passed out during the first class meeting (1/2 sheet of paper)
2) Take the Syllabus Quiz (download the quiz from the "downloads" page, print it and answer the questions).
31 Jan 2018 Note: Lab Manuals are needed for every lab. If you have not purchased your Lab Manual (i.e. you are waiting to see if you can add), you can download and print the first few labs from the course webpage. Please be sure to come to lab prepared. Get downloadable files here.
 

Welcome to Biology 47 - Human Anatomy (5 units)
Lecture 3 hours; lab 6 hours
Prerequisite: Bio 10 or Bio 11 or successful completion of an equivalent high school biology course. (Course should include an overview of cellular structure, cellular function, cell division and the scientific method.) Note: Bio 11 - Human Biology is highly recommended and may be a transfer requirement for some programs.
Acceptable for credit: University of California, California State University

Get a Head Start | Student Services | Purchasing Course Books

This course intended for pre-health professionals and covers the principles and concepts of human anatomy through the comprehensive study of the gross and microscopic structure of the human body. Lab will consist of HUMAN CADAVER examination, dissection of various specimens (possibly including cats), and microscopic examination of human tissues.

 

First Class Meeting - Tuseday January 30th, 2018 (Spring semester begins - MondayJanuary 29th)
DO NOT miss the first days of class! Enrolled students who fail to attend the first days of class may be dropped to make room for students trying to add.

Note: This class includes both lecture and lab every Monday and Wednesday. Class will meet for the full scheduled lecture and lab on the first day!

Things to do to get a head start :

  • Read over the complete Syllabus (green sheet) before coming to class.
  • Read over the Lab Safety Sheet.
  • Complete the Syllabus Quiz
  • Read Lab 1 - Intro/Terminology and Lab 2 - Microscopes in preparation for the first lab meeting.
  • Purchase your books (see syllabus and note below) and start reading (reading assignments).
  • Learn your way around campus and the biology building - see the campus map

  • Note: all of the above documents are available for download from the "Downloads" page of this website.

     

    Student Resources
    As a registered student you have a host of resources on campus that are available to you, many free of charge. The following is a partial list (for a complete list please refer to the college catalogue or the student services section of the college web page).

    Admissions and Records General Support Services Campus Facilities
    Application for admission Counseling Center Bookstore
    WVC Portal (registration) Health Services Library
      Financial Aid  
    Academic Support Services  
    CANVAS Learning Management System (LMS)
    Tutorial Services  
    Disability & Educational Support Program (DESP)  
    Extended Opportunity Programs & Services (EOPS)  

      scholarship deadline
     

    Purchasing Course Books:
    Required Books (see syllabus for additional recommended & optional books and supplies):

    Martini, F.H., R. B. Tallitsch and J. L. Nath. Human Anatomy, 9th ed., Pearson Benjamin Cummings, 2018. (note: older editions and alternate texts may be acceptable, check with the instructor. The version available in theWest Valley College bookstore will include an access code for an online study resource called Mastering Biology which is included free but is not required for this course).

    Norris, N. Biology 47: Human Anatomy Course Manual, West Valley College Biology Department. 2017. (note: The lab manual is required for the lab and is only available from the West Valley College bookstore).

    Several purchasing options are available to you.

    West Valley Campus Bookstore: You can Purchase all of the books listed in the greensheet directly from the bookstore located on West Valley campus. The bookstore also provides an online service in case you do not want to go there in person (WVC bookstore). NOTE: Books are not accessible on open bookshelves in the bookstore. To purchase books at the bookstore, students must have a printed schedule of their classes – course and section numbers. Bookstore employees use the printed schedule to pull books for the students; mobile devices – phones, tablets – cannot be used. Advice for students: Print your class schedule at home, bring it with you to the bookstore. Alternately - computers and a printer should be available at a kiosk in the Campus Center for students who need to print their schedule. Best Option: order your books on-line, pick up at the bookstore – no lines! West Valley College Bookstore page on our web site: http://westvalley.edu/bookstore/

    Note: bookstore profits help fund the campus center - purchasing your books from the campus bookstore will help support the campus center.

    Books for Food: Borrow a copy of the book from the Books for Food program in exchange for 10 cans of donated food. See the Books for Food website (http://westvalley.edu/services/auxiliary/books-for-food.html) for a list of available books and bring your donation to the WVC Library to borrow your book.

    books for food

    Digital Editions: The textbook may also be purchased as a stand alone digital subscription or as an eText coupled with Mastering Biology (not used in this course). Ask about this option in the bookstore of visit the Pearson website: http://www.mypearsonstore.com/bookstore/human-anatomy-013432076X

    Ordering online (new or used): I am aware that book prices are exorbitant. If book prices are out of your budget there may be alternatives to buying new copies. One option to save money is to order books online from discount suppliers. The down side is that it can take several days, or possibly weeks, for your books to arrive depending on the vendor, and you will need the "required books" on the first day of class. Consequently, unless you have ordered your books several weeks in advance, this option may better serve you for the purchase of the "optional books" listed in your syllabus. The following online vendors may prove to be good resources:


    Other Local Bookstores: A less commonly successful but useful alternate is to search the local new and used bookstores in the area (including other campus bookstores) for the books you need. I have periodically found useful resource books at a significant discount at used bookstores.


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