U. S. History, 17A
Study Guide 2
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Today in History
Study Guide 2
Nations of Nations
Chapter Four

Colonization and Conflict in the North

Go to the page: Blank Map. Using the maps in your textbook, Nation of Nations, locate the four (4) New England colonies and the four (4) middle colonies. You will need to know their locations for the first midterm.
Answer the following questions:
I. The Founding of New England
The first three questions can be found by clicking on the link above, 'Learn more about this picture'.
4. According to the English, the northern part of North America was a place in which only the French could see possibilities. What were 5 disadvantages of the northern part of North America from the English point of view?

Please go to the site Puritans and Calvinists and and answer the questions there.

11. What swelled a second wave of Puritan migration to Massachusetts after 1629?  Organized as the Massachusetts Bay Company, this second wave of Puritans settled in ___ and their first governor was ___ ?
12. The Massachusetts Bay Company Puritans elected the governor of the company and, hence, their community. After 1631, who were the freemen? 
II. Stability and Order in Early New England
13. How long did the first generation of colonists live? How did this compare to the life-span in Virginia and in England?  How large was the typical family? What was the population of New England and the Chesapeake in 1700? What accounted for this growth in each area?
14. Unlike the Virginians, who___ , most New Englanders established ___ .  In a typical New England community, or town, each family received a lot for a house along with ___.  While the Chesapeake abounded with servants, tenant farmers and slaves, almost every adult male in New England ___ .
15. What constituted the center of community life in colonial New England?
16. What powers did each town's congregation possess?
17. In order to join any congregational church, a person had to have experienced a 'conversion' . What was this?
18. How were decisions made at New England town meetings?
19. Where did families with wealth and influence sit in the Old Ship Meetinghouse?
Why was the pulpit at the front of this church raised?
20. How widespread was literacy in colonial New England?  What did most 17th century New Englanders prefer to read?
21. What were 'wonders'?  Why did ministers like to recount tales of wonders?
22. What 6 legal disadvantages did women in colonial New England suffer?
23. What common characteristics did accused 'witches' have?
24. What characteristics did New Englanders actually share with the Indians around them?  What was a 'sachem' or 'sagamore'?
III. The Mid-Atlantic or Middle Colonies
25. Who founded Pennsylvania and why?
26. What were 4 of the 'odd' behavior traits of the Quakers?
27. Quakers believed that all men and women ___ ?
28. For what 2 reasons did the Quakers get along with the Indians?
29.  In what 4 ways did Penn promote good relations with the local Indians, the Lenni Lenapes?
30. What city became the center of trade in Pennsylvania as well as the commercial and cultural center of England's North American empire?

New England Primer
Please read the selections from, New England Primer, and then answer the following questions:
31. In general, what is being taught to children along with their ABC's?
32. What is the appropriate relationship between a child and her parents?
33. What is the Chief End of Man?
34. Into what estate did the Fall bring Mankind?

The Pilgrim's Progress
The character of Christian in John Bunyan's The Pilgrim's Progress, was a Calvinist. His journey is the story of what a Calvinist must do to achieve salvation: struggle up a long and difficult and narrow path and be confronted by many obstacles and temptations. It explains why Christian is so focused on his own salvation in the book, and why he is so hard on himself for straying from the straight and narrow path that leads to his salvation. It explains why Calvinists were so often hostile to Catholics for the sacrament of pennance. Calvinists could never accept the idea of forgiveness for sins. Sins, they believed, were shouldered by everyone from birth. The characters of Formalist and Hypocrisy represent Bunyan's view of Catholics who do not have to follow the straight and narrow path from the beginning, but who can confess and be forgiven -- jump over the wall half way along the path.
Please read the selection, The Pilgrim's Progress and then answer the following questions:
35. Why is the man in rags distressed?
36. What way does Goodwill instruct Christian to go?
37. Passion represents ___ and Patience represents ___ ?
38. Why do Formalist and Hypocrisy jump over the wall?
39. Who is Apollyon?
40. Why is Faithful killed?
41. What was the Vanity Fair?
42. How do Christian and Hopeful end up at Doubting Castle, and how do they escape the dungeon there?
43. How is life in paradise described?
Poor Richard's Almanac
Please read the selection, Poor Richard's Almanac, and then fill in the following blanks :

44. "The used ___ is always  ___."
45. "Lost ___ is never ___ ."
46. "There are no ___ without ___ "
47. "One ___ is worth two ___."
48. "If you would know the value of ___, go and ___ ."
49. "Rather go to bed ___ than rise ___."
50. "Tis hard for an empty ___ to ___."
Assignments Page

Revised January 24, 2008

by Tom Gallup, e-mail address:
West Valley College