Human Anatomy - Biology 47
  Spring 2017

Instructor : Christine Peters (Biology Department) Biology Home Page
Office : SM55G                                                    Instructor Home Page
Phone : (408) 741 - 2626
email :

Lecture Schedule Lab Schedule Lecture Outlines Grades
Lab Information Review Quiz General Biology Review

Answers to Review Quiz
Syllabus Quiz: Due Feb.9th

Note:  Instructor does not use Canvas to manage Bio47 course information
Date Posted Message
Final Grades Posted above:
Average Final Exam Grade: 79%
Average Course Grade: 81%

Great Job!  Have a wonderful Summer.

Histology Power point for Final:
PreFinal Grades:
Exam 4 Class average: 80%
Course Average: 80.5%
5/1/17 Final Exam : Tuesday May 23: Section 50972: (7:30 - 9:30am), Section 50974 (10:40am - 12:40pm); Note I will be allowing students to use the third hour of exam time if necessary.

~65% Covers new material : Lectures 21 (female reproduction) through Lecture 27 (General Endocrine).  Lab 20 (cardiovascular) through Lab 25 (Special Senses)
~25% Review material. Note I will not test knowledge using lab specimens on review material.

All Homework turned in at the Final Exam: Tuesday (May 23) Section 50972: 7:30 am, Section 50974 (10:40)

Homework 21: Draw and label the FEMALE reproductive system: include the ovary (with primordial follicles & growing follicles – 1st half of female cycle), fallopian tube (fimbriae, infundibulum, ampulla, isthmus, intramural), uterus (fundus, body, isthmus, cervix), vagina.  Include the suspensory ligament, ovarian ligament, round ligament and broad ligament. 

Homework 22. Draw and label the frontal view of the interior of the heart:

Label the right and left atria, right and left ventricles, interventricular septum, right and left atrioventricular valves, chordae tendinae, papillary muscle, pulmonary and aortic semilunar valves, superior and inferior vena cava, pulmonary artery (trunk), pulmonary veins, aorta.  Indicate which chambers and vessels contain oxygenated blood vs deoxygenated.

Homework 23: Diagram or draw the coronary circulation of the heart:  Include the right coronary artery, marginal artery and posterior interventricular artery, the left coronary artery, anterior interventricular artery, and circumflex artery; small cardiac vein, middle cardiac vein, great cardiac vein, posterior cardiac vein and coronary sinus.

Homework 24. Circulation:  a, b, & c: 

a. List all vessels a RBC could travel through starting in the left finger and ending in the spleen (choose only one possible path - just write heart when passing though heart and lungs when passing through the lungs). 

b. List all vessels a RBC would travel through starting in the left toe and ending in the right finger (choose only one possible path - just write heart when passing though heart and lungs when passing through the lungs). 

c. List all vessels a RBC would travel in starting in the stomach and ending in the right coronary artery (choose only one possible path - just write heart when passing though heart and lungs when passing through the lungs).

Homework 25. Draw and label the basic structures of the midsagittal brain:  label the cerebral hemisphere(with gyri and sulci), corpus callosum, thalamus, hypothalamus (diencephalon), optic nerve, infundibulum, midbrain (Mammillary Bodies, superior and inferior colliculi), pineal gland, pons, cerebellum (arbor vitae), medulla oblongata, spinal cord, lateral ventricle, third ventricle, cerebral aqueduct, and fourth ventricle.

Homework 26. Draw and label the basic structure of a neuron.  label the dendrites, soma, axon hillock, axon, telodendria, and synaptic knobs (terminal boutons).  Indicate with an arrow the flow of "information".

Homework 27: Draw and label the midsagittal eye: Label: cornea, sclera, choroid, ciliary body, lens, suspensory ligament (zonule fibers), iris, pupil, retina, optic nerve, optic disc, anterior & posterior cavities, anterior and posterior chambers

Overall Course Grades posted above:
Average Course Grade: 80%
Exam 3 Average: 77%
Histology Powerpoint: For preparation for exam IV
Histology of GI tract, Respiratory, Urinary, male reproductive system

Homework 15. Diagram/draw and label the histology of a liver lobule: label hepatocytes (columns), sinusoids, space of Disse (Perisinusoidal space), Ito or stellate cells,  central vein, kupffer cells, bile canaliculi, & the structures within the hepatic (portal) triad: hepatic portal vein, hepatic artery, bile duct. 5 pts

Homework 16: Diagram/draw and label the general respiratory anatomy: include the nasal cavity, pharynx, larynx, trachea, lungs (lobes & fissures), primary bronchi (right and left), secondary bronchi (3 right & 2 left), tertiary bronchi (draw only a few - not all - of the 10 on the right and 8 - 9 left), terminal bronchiole (draw only a few branches), respiratory bronchioles (draw only a few) and alveoli. 5 pts

Homework 17: Diagram/draw the 9 laryngeal cartilages; thyroid, epiglottis, cricoid, 2 arytenoid cartilages, 2 corniculate carilages, 2 cunifiorm cartilages (anterior and posterior view) 5 pts

Homework 18 : Diagram/draw and label the macroscopic anatomical regions and structures of the frontal "section" of cut Kidney. Include regions of the cortex medulla and sinus, and the structures of the pyramids, columns, minor calyx, major calyx, pelvis, and ureter.  Superimpose the blood vessels (renal artery and vein, segmental artery and vein, interlobar artery and vein, interlobular artery and vein. 5 pts

Homework 19 . Diagram/draw a nephron; include: afferent arteriole, glomerulus, efferent arteriole, glomerular (Bowmans) capsule, proximal convoluted tubule, loop of Henle, distal convoluted tubule, peritubular capillaries. 5 pts

Homework 20 ; start in the seminiferous tubules of the testis and end outside the body - trace the pathway that sperm would follow during development and ejaculation. Include the glands that the sperm would pass through or by on the way out.

4/19/ 17 Exam IV:  May 2 (Tuesday)
Covers Lectures16 - 20 (liver and pancreas through male reproductive); Lab 16a 17 and 18; plus histology
See attached powerpoint for the Histology
4/19/17 April 27: Last day to withdraw from semester length classes
Exam III:  April 11 (Tuesday)
Covers lectures 11 - 15 and labs 11 - 15 (minus the histology for the GI tract - this will be on exam IV).
Overall Grades posted above: Post2
Average course grades: 78.5%

Homework: 9 - 14  Day of third exam April 11 (Tuesday)

9. Create a muscle table for the lower extremity muscles.  Divide the muscles into major groupings based on either location or action (ie thigh movers / posterior pelvic muscles).  Include in the table the muscle name, origin, insertion and action (primary).
10. Create a muscle table for the upper extremity muscles.  Divide the muscles into major groupings based on either location or action (ie arm movers / posterior shoulder muscles).  Include in the table the muscle name, origin, insertion and action (primary).
11. Create a muscle table for the trunk muscles.  Divide the muscles into major groupings based on either location or action (ie trunk flexors movers / posterior trunk muscles).  Include in the table the muscle name, origin, insertion and action (primary).
12. Draw and label (A band, I band, Z disc, H band, M line, thick filament, thin filament)  a relaxed sarcomere and a contracted sarcomere.  Note the changes in the specific changes in the bands during contraction (ie I band shortens) - 2 sarcomeres total
13. Draw and label a cross section through a MYOFIBER - NOT muscle: include the sarcolemma, sarcoplasm, motor end plate, motor neuron, transverse tubules, sarcoplasmic reticulum,  terminal cisternae, peripheral nuclei, mitochondria, myofibrils, myofilaments (Thick & thin). Essentially the same as the model in lab.

14. Draw and label a cross section through a MUSCLE - include the connective tissue wrappings. - muscle , fascicle, myofiber, epimysium, perimysium, endomysium

3/6/ 17
Exam II; Tuesday 3/ 14/ 17
Essentially Bone and Articulations (with a little of left over integument)
Lectures: 6 - 10
Labs: 6 - 10
Homework: 6 - 8  Due Tuesday 3/14/17
6. Draw the shoulder joint: Include the articulating bones (name the articulating surfaces), the extrinsic extracapsular ligaments (acromioclavicular, coracoacromial and coracoclavicular ligaments), the glenoid labrum.  Note the primary stabilizing structures will not be drawn : Rotator cuff muscles)
7. Draw the anterior view of knee joint: Include the articulating bones )name the articulating surfaces), the extrinsic extracapsular ligaments (medial and lateral collateral ligaments), the anterior view of the extrinsic intracapsular ligaments (anterior  and posterior cruciate ligaments), and the medial and lateral menisci)
8. Draw the lateral view of the ankle joint include the a. high ankle extrinsic extracapsular ligaments (interosseous membrane, anterior and posterior tibiofibular ligament, and the b. low ankle extrinsic extracapsular ligaments (anterior and posterior talofibular ligaments, and calcaneofibular ligament). 
Exam Grades Posted above:
Exam 1 Course average grade: 77%
Course average grade 80%

Note: Anatomy Tutoring is available in the tutorial services center (adjacent to the library)
2/26/17 Homework 1-5 : Due day of next exam (March 14th)
Description: For each region you will construct a bone table (you can use excel, google docs or do them by hand).  For each table include the following columns:
 a.Skeletal region, b. Bone region/ groupings, c. Specific Bone, d. Specific bone structure, and e. Notable feature.  Please see the attached document for an example. 
Homework 1 - 5
Pre-Nursing Conference: Free admission sponsored by California Nursing Student Association (CNSA) at SJSU March 18th from 10-2 in the Student Union Theater.  Download attached flyer for more information
Exam I: Feb 21st (Tuesday)
Exam will be administered in the lab room. 
AM lab will run (8:15am - 10:15)
PM lab will run (1:00pm - 3:00)
Exam will cover: Labs 1 - 5, Lectures 1 - 6: information on Lec 6 will stop at the Epidermis)
You will need a scantron and pencil

Copy of quiz 2: to help review material
Great first week!
1. Please read syllabus and down load the syllabus quiz.  Answer questions on a scantron.  Please turn in at start of lab on Feb. 9th (Thursday)
2. Make sure you have a lab manual by Tuesday.  I will no longer be posting labs.
3. Be sure to have added the course if you need to before Friday
4. Be ready for a quiz this week covering material presented last week (lecture 1 & 2 and lab 1).  Quizzes will use the 15 question 815EZ scantrons.  Please bring the quiz scantons to lab. 
Welcome to Biology 47 - Human Anatomy !    

5 units
Lecture 3 hours; Laboratory 6 hours
Prerequisite: Completion of a College biology course or High school biology. 
Recommended preparation: Math 902 
Acceptable for credit: University of California, California State University
This course for health professionals  includes study of the gross and microscopic structure of the human body.  Lab will consist of HUMAN CADAVER examination,  CAT dissection, and microscopic examination of human tissues.

1/14/17 Purchasing Course Books: Several options are available to you: 

1. Viking Bookstore : West Valley Campus Bookstore: You can Purchase all of the books listed in the syllabus directly from the bookstore located  on West Valley campus. The bookstore also provides an online service ( so that you can reserve books & pick them up later or make arrangements for home delivery.   Unfortunately the laboratory manual can only be ordered from the campus bookstore.  It should be available one week before classes start.

2. Online Ordering : For ordering all materials except the laboratory manual.  Since the prices of texts books is definitely a concern you may want to look into purchasing textbooks from a less expensive internet vendor.  The only concern is how long it will take to deliver the text.  If you choose to order from an internet site and your text does not arrive when classes start you can keep up with the required reading by using the text on reserve in the library.   or
 If you have knowledge of any other sources please let me know (email:

3. WVC Library (Reserve Desk) : The Library's reserve desk will have one copy of the current text book which can be checked out for a 2 hour block of time.  Do not wait until the last minute to do your reading since others may also be relying on the reserve text for their reading.  The library is open M - Th 8:00am - 7:30pm , F 8:00 - 12 noon, S noon - 4:00   (408) 741-2028

PLEASE PURCHASE LAB MANUAL BY THE END OF THE FIRST WEEK (you can download lab 1 & 2 below)

1/14/17 Text Book:
Human Anatomy 8th edition by Martini (with access code): by Martini; ISBN 9780321902856.  The test comes with an access code for the textbooks online resources.  I have opened a classroom assignment set for this semester.  These assignments and use of the access code and online resources is optional but maybe beneficial for studying and preparing for quizzes and exams.   The course code is MAPSTANTON17386
1/14/17 WVC Classes start Jan. 31.  Be sure to show up to both the LAB and lecture on Tuesday Jan. 31st.  Anyone that misses the first day of class will be automatically dropped to allow students an opportunity to add.  Human Anatomy is heavily enrolled with many students on the wait list wishing to add.

Please purchase the lab manual from the Campus Bookstore or download Lab One (pdf.)

Things to do to get a head start :

1. Ready over Syllabus : You can download a printable version of the Syllabus (pdf.).

2. Read over the Lab Safety Sheet : You can download a printable version of the Safety Sheet (pdf.)

3. Take the Syllabus Quiz : Download the quiz (Syllabus Quiz pdf.) and answer the questions on a scantron form after reading the syllabus.  You will be turning in the scantron answers during lab the second week of school (Feb. 9th)

4. Take the REVIEW BIOLOGY QUIZ  (Down load Review Quiz): If you do not feel comfortable with the material covered you can review that material in you Anatomy textbook or in a General Biology Text.  This quiz is designed to allow you to judge whether you have a basic knowledge of general biology.  If the quiz seems difficult or the terms seem completely foreign, I would suggest retaking a general biology course BEFORE attempting Anatomy.  Make sure you are setting yourself up for success!

5. Read Lab ONE : You can down load a printable version of Lab ONE (pdf.)

6. Read Lab TWO : You can down load a printable version of Lab TWO(pdf.)

1/14/17 ADDING Human Anatomy:

There is an official wait list which can be accessed through Webservices.  If you would like to make sure you add your name to the official list though the WVC Webadvisor.  In addition make sure that you show up to the first day of LAB Tuesday, Jan. 31st at either 7:40am or 12:50pm. 

I will make final decisions Tues Feb. 7th of the following week.  Feel free to email me ahead of time to leave me your name and contact information.

Tutoring available:
1. Contact Tutorial Services
Accommodations for a Disability: West Valley College strives to make all learning experiences as accessible as possible. If you anticipate or experience academic barriers based on your disability (including  permanent disabilities or chronic or temporary medical conditions), please let me know immediately so that we can privately discuss options.  You are also welcome to register with the Disability and Educational Support Program to establish reasonable accommodations.  After registration, DESP will notify me of your approved accommodations.
DESP contact information: The DESP office is located in the LS building; their phone number is (408) 741-2010 (voice) or (408) 741-2658 (TTY). Information about their services can be found at
1/17/17 Some good resources that might be helpful in addition to the text, lecture notes, lab manual and study room materials:
Apps: Visual Body: Great 3D imaging, click on IDs, quizzes, medical information and pronunciation
Histology flash cards:
Epithelial Tissue Quiz:
Histology Quiz
Histology Slides:
Epithelial and Connective tissue (Mesa College)
Histology Slides

Just some links that might be useful for studying the integument:
Integument Histology Lab - online
Integument Histology Lab - online (Western Australia)
Dartmouth anatomy
Victoria College:

Another nice resource for seeing bones & articulations: AnatomyEXPERT:
Helpful Articulation website: Articulations Lab
Helpful Bone quiz: Quiz
Helpful Bone quiz2 (GetBodySmart) : Quiz
Another great website skeletal system resource: Innerbody
Quiz Photos of skeletal material with labels: Quiz

Also I put in the study room SM55H the integument model, the osteon model and the knee joint (connective tissue).  There is also a working microscope and slides (in black slide box) present in the room.  The study room is for sure open M-TH 9am - 5pm and F 9am-2pm.

Study Tools : Everyone learns differently, it is therefore important to understand how you as an individual can best learn and retain information.  Ultimately your academic success is your responsibility.  If you haven't already done so, you should take the following self assessment test to better understand your specific way of learning.  In addition are some helpful study tips websites. Helpful Study Tips / Hints:

1. Skim your reading assignments prior to class so that you will have baseline understanding of what is going to be covered.  DON”T read and try to commit to memory the information YET.
a. Read the Titles and Bullets
b. Skim the chapter reading
c. Look at the diagrams
d. Skim the lecture handouts; familiarize yourself with the topic to be covered
2. Attend lecture (with this baseline understanding).  Bring your lecture handouts, take good notes using your handouts (or additional paper if you choose).
3. Ask questions when something is unclear
4. Review your lecture notes the same day as the lecture.  You may want to use the following review techniques:
a. Without looking at your notes, write down the overall concept introduced in the lecture.
b. Without looking at your notes, write down all of the detailed information you can remember from the lecture.
c.  Compare what you remember with the actual lecture notes.  Highlight anything that you didn't remember.  This is information that is not yet in you short term memory.
d. Rewrite a complete set of lecture notes.
Remember the goal is to retain the information in your long term memory.  To transition the memories from short term to long term, your best opportunity is to review the information while it is still fresh, the longer you wait the less you will remember and will have to start all over creating new short term memories.  In practice you will actually be saving time!
5. Any questions, which come up during your studying, can be addressed at the next class meeting
6. A few days after the lecture, revisit your notes and repeat the steps a - c above.  If there is significant loss of information, you don't know the material well enough and need to review the lecture again.
7. Read the related information in your textbooks for further clarification.
8. Once you feel you have a good understanding of the material, attempt answering the study questions at the end of the handout.  DO NOT look through your notes to find the answers.  If you do you are only testing how well you can find answers, and remember you will not have the luxury of your study notes on the exam.
9. You can also use the questions in the textbook to help gage your understanding.
10. Read the labs prior to attending class.
11. Participate in all lab activities
12. Answer all lab questions with completeness and accuracy
13. If you have done all of this - then the weekend before the exam will be simply review.
14. Make sure you are getting a good night's sleep prior to the exams


Planning on going to SJSU Nursing ?  Here's what to expect for reading assignments - JUST the first semester of BOOKS
Journals Sites :  Good Reference Web Sites :
Great Sites for Physiology / Anatomy  Applicable Information
  • Red Sox Pitcher injures his Peroneus Longus tendon sheath : Unprecedented surgery saves Game 6 - Article
  • Lecture Question about tendon / ligament adaptation to exercise : Answer YES tendons / ligaments strengthen in response to exercise : Journal of Rehabilitation & Research Development

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Page created by: Christine Peters-Stanton
Updated: Jan. 19,  2015