Human Anatomy - Biology 47
  Fall 2018

Instructor : Christine Peters (Biology Department) Biology Home Page
Office : SM55G                                                    Instructor Home Page
Phone : (408) 741 - 2626
email :

Lecture Schedule Lab Schedule Lecture Outlines Grades
Lab Information Review Test  General Biology Review

Answers to Review Test
Syllabus Quiz: Due Sept.6th

Note:  Instructor does not use Canvas to manage Bio47 course information
Date Posted Message
Final Grades Posted Above:
Overall course Average: 81.5%
Final Exam Average: 77%

Have a wonderful Holiday Break!
Final Exam Histology: Power point
Final Week Office Hour:
Monday: 9:15 - 12:00
Wednesday: 9:15 - 9:30
Exam Times; Each section will have three hours if needed

AM Lab: 8:40am - 10:40am (but may use an additional hour and stay until 11:40pm)
PM Lab: 11:40am - 1:40pm (but may use an additional hour and stay until 2:40pm)

NOTE : If you have version A on the Fourth exam Please ask me to add one ,more point to your point total
Current Grades posted above:
Class Average Grade: 81%
Exam 4 class average: 80%
12/1/18 Homework - Final - Due Dec. 11th

Homework 20 ; Diagram / draw the MALE reproductive system: Includethe testis, seminiferous tubules, rete testis, efferent ductules, epididymis, vas deferens (ampulla), ejaculatory duct within prostate, seminal vesicles, urethra, penis, Corpora cavernosa, copus spongiosum

Homework 20: Diagram / draw the FEMALE reproductive system: include the ovary (with primordial follicles & growing follicles – 1st half of female cycle), fallopian tube (fimbriae, infundibulum, ampulla, isthmus, intramural), uterus (fundus, body, isthmus, cervix), vagina.  Include the suspensory ligament, ovarian ligament, round ligament and broad ligament. 

Homework 21. Diagram/ draw the interior of the heart: Label the right and left atria, right and left ventricles, interventricular septum, right and left atrioventricular valves, chordae tendinae, papillary muscle, pulmonary and aortic semilunar valves, superior and inferior vena cava, pulmonary artery (trunk), pulmonary veins, aorta.  Indicate which chambers and vessels contain oxygenated blood vs deoxygenated.

Homework 22: Diagram / draw the coronary circulation of the heart:  Include the right coronary artery, marginal artery and posterior interventricular artery, the left coronary artery, anterior interventricular artery, and circumflex artery; small cardiac vein, middle cardiac vein, great cardiac vein, posterior cardiac vein and coronary sinus.

Homework 23. Circulation:  a, b, & c: 

a. List all vessels a RBC could travel through starting in the left finger and ending in the spleen (choose only one possible path - just write heart when passing though heart and lungs when passing through the lungs). 

b. List all vessels a RBC would travel through starting in the left toe and ending in the right finger (choose only one possible path - just write heart when passing though heart and lungs when passing through the lungs). 

c. List all vessels a RBC would travel in starting in the stomach and ending in the right coronary artery (choose only one possible path - just write heart when passing though heart and lungs when passing through the lungs). 

Homework 24. Diagram the basic structure of the midsagittal brain:  label the cerebral hemisphere, corpus callosum, thalamus, hypothalamus (diencephalon), optic nerve, infundibulum, midbrain, superior and inferior colliculi, pineal gland, pons, cerebellum (arbor vitae), medulla oblongata, spinal cord

Homework 25. Diagram the basic structure of a neuron.  label the dendrites, soma, axon hillock, axon, telodendria, and synaptic knobs (terminal boutons).  Indicate with an arrow the flow of "information".

Homework 26: Diagram the midsagittal eye: Label: cornea, sclera, choroid, ciliary body, lens, suspensory ligament (zonule fibers), iris, pupil, retina, optic nerve, optic disc, anterior & posterior cavities, anterior and posterior chambers

Dec. 11 FINAL EXAM (Lecture & Lab Material)
~70%; Lecs : 20 - 26 ; Labs 18 – 25
~30% Comprehensive

Section 75188 - Tues Dec 11 (8:40am – 10:40am)**
Section 75189 - Tues Dec 11 (11:40am – 2:40pm)**
11/16/18 Histology Exam 4 presentation is reposted.
To clarify the exam will cover from the stomach (last section of lecture 14 through lecture 19 Urinary and labs 15 - 17, excluding the oral cavity pharynx and esophagus)
Exam 4 content change: With the advent of the campus closer on Thursday; Exam 4 will not cover the Reproductive Systems (both male and female - neither lecture nor lab material).  These systems will be included on the final exam.

Quiz 8 is available to pick up outside my office
Note below is a powerpoint presentation of the relevant Histology for Exam 4
Homework due on Tuesday
Grades Posted Above:
Exam 3: Class average 77%
Course grade average: 81%
11/8/18 Powerpoint Presentation with Histology for exam 4
11/8/18 Homework Assignment #3:

Homework 13. Diagram/draw the digestive system 10 pts (note: drawing does not need to be anatomically accurate).  Starting in the mouth and ending in the anus include: oral cavity, salivary glands (parotid, submandibular, sublingual), pharynx (naso, oro, and laryngopharynx), esophagus, lower esophageal sphincter, stomach (cardia, fundus, body, pyloris) pyloric sphincter, small intestine (duodenum, jejunum, ileum), liver, gall bladder, pancreas, common hepatic duct, common bile duct, cystic duct, pancreatic duct, hepatopancreatic ampulla & sphincter,  ileocecal valve, large intestine (cecum, appendix, ascending, transverse, descending and sigmoid colon, rectum and anus – include haustra and teania coli).

Homework 14. Complete the table (Attached) for the histological features of major regions of the GI tract: Esophagus, Stomach, & small intestine (duodenum, Jejunum, Ileum). 5pts

Homework 15. Diagram/draw and label the histology of a liver lobule: label hepatocytes (columns), sinusoids, space of Disse (Perisinusoidal space), Ito or stellate cells,  central vein, kupffer cells, bile canaliculi, & the structures within the hepatic (portal) triad: hepatic portal vein, hepatic artery, bile duct. 5 pts

Homework 16: Diagram/draw and label the general respiratory anatomy: include the nasal cavity, pharynx, larynx, trachea, lungs (lobes & fissures), primary bronchi (right and left), secondary bronchi (3 right & 2 left), tertiary bronchi (draw only a few - not all - of the 10 on the right and 8 - 9 left), terminal bronchiole (draw only a few branches), respiratory bronchioles (draw only a few) and alveoli. 5 pts

Homework 17: Diagram/draw the 9 laryngeal cartilages 5 pts

Homework 18: Diagram/draw and label the macroscopic anatomical regions and structures of the frontal "sectioned" or cut Kidney 5 pts

Homework 19. Diagram/draw a nephron; include: afferent arteriole, glomerulus, efferent arteriole, glomerular (Bowmans) capsule, proximal convoluted tubule, loop of Henle, distal convoluted tubule, peritubular capillaries. 5 pts

10/27/18 Exam III:  Oct 30

Covers Lectures: 11 - 14; including all information up to but not including stomach
Labs 11 - 16; including oral cavity and structures, pharynx and structures, salivary glands, esophagus and diaphragm. 

Please be sure to turn in homework (6 - 12) before the start of the exam
Morning Lab: Please arrive at 8:10 (Exam 8:15 - 10:15)
Afternoon Lab: Please arrive 12:55 (Exam 1:00 - 3:00)

We will be using a seating chart for the exam

Homework :#12 Due Oct 30

Draw a cross section through a region of the Gastrointestinal tract:
Include and label: Mucosa (epithelium, Lamina Propria, musclularis mucosa), Submucosa, Muscularis Externa (inner circular, Outer longitudinal), and Serosa

10/25/18 Lecture is not moved we will be in Fox 120 today as usual
Course Grades Posted Above:
Average Exam II grade: 75%
Average Overall Course Grade: 79%
10/15/18 Homework #2: Due day of next exam (Oct 30th)

6. Create a muscle table for the lower extremity muscles.  Divide the muscles into major groupings based on either location or action (ie thigh movers / posterior pelvic muscles).  Include in the table the muscle name, origin, insertion and action (primary).
7. Create a muscle table for the upper extremity muscles.  Divide the muscles into major groupings based on either location or action (ie arm movers / posterior shoulder muscles).  Include in the table the muscle name, origin, insertion and action (primary).
8. Create a muscle table for the trunk muscles.  Divide the muscles into major groupings based on either location or action (ie trunk flexors movers / posterior trunk muscles).  Include in the table the muscle name, origin, insertion and action (primary).
9. Draw and label (A band, I band, Z disc, H band, M line, thick filament, thin filament)  a relaxed sarcomere and a contracted sarcomere.  Note the changes in the specific changes in the bands during contraction (ie I band shortens) - 2 sarcomeres total
10. Draw and label a cross section through a MYOFIBER - NOT muscle: include the sarcolemma, sarcoplasm, motor end plate, motor neuron, transverse tubules, sarcoplasmic reticulum,  terminal cisternae, peripheral nuclei, mitochondria, myofibrils, myofilaments (Thick & thin). Essentially the same as the model in lab.

11. Draw and label a cross section through a MUSCLE - include the connective tissue wrappings. - muscle , fascicle, myofiber, epimysium, perimysium, endomysium

Maybe a few on Digestive : Still to come

Exam II: Tuesday Oct. 9

Covers Lectures: 6 (from dermis on) - 10; and labs 6 - 10
Please be sure to turn in homework before the start of the exam
Morning Lab: Please arrive at 8:10 (Exam 8:15 - 10:15)
Afternoon Lab: Please arrive 12:55 (Exam 1:00 - 3:00)

We will be using a seating chart for the exam


Anatomy Homework #1 – 5 : 5pts each; Due day of Exam 2 (Oct. 9th)

Construct 5 Bone Tables: See example table

1. Skull: Cranial Bones

2. Skull: Facial Bones

3. Axial Bones: Vertebrae & ribs

4. Upper Extremity

5. Lower Extremity  

Exam 1: Sept 18th (note we will still meet for lecture but will not have a lab following the exam)

Please arrive: 8:10 for the morning lab section
           The exam will be from 8:15 to 10:15, but you may use the remaining class time if needed)
Please arrive at 12:55 for the afternoon lab section
           The exam will be from 1:00 to 3:00, but you may use additional time to 3:45 if needed)

Exam will cover labs 1 - 5 (excluding cellular anatomy for lab 2) and lectures 1 - 6 (lecture 6 will cover only up to but not including dermis)
You will need a scantron, pencil and eraser.  The exam may consist of fill in answers, labeling, multiple choice, and histology.

Copy of Quiz 2 to use for studying, Also use the power point slide available on the lab information page to study the histology
Great first week!

Please remember to:
 1. read through your syllabus
 2. purchase the lab manual (if they are out of stock at the book store please let me know),
 3. complete the syllabus quiz on a scantron - due Sept 6th,
 4. download your lecture outlines for the week,
 5. and study for a quiz this week covering material from week 1 - you will need a quiz scantron to take the quiz
Welcome to Biology 47 - Human Anatomy !    

5 units
Lecture 3 hours; Laboratory 6 hours
Prerequisite: Completion of a College biology course or High school biology. 
Recommended preparation: Math 902 
Acceptable for credit: University of California, California State University
This course for health professionals  includes study of the gross and microscopic structure of the human body.  Lab will consist of HUMAN CADAVER examination,  CAT dissection, and microscopic examination of human tissues.

Anatomy - Bio47 starts Aug. 28th.  Be sure to show up to both the LAB and lecture on Tuesday Aug. 28th.  Anyone that misses the first day of class will be automatically dropped to allow students an opportunity to add.  Human Anatomy is heavily enrolled with students on the wait list wishing to add.

Please purchase the course Lab Manual from the Campus Bookstore prior to the first class meeting or download Lab One (pdf.)  and Lab Two (pdf.)

Things to do to get a head start :

1. Ready over Syllabus : You can download a printable version of the Syllabus (pdf.).

2. Read over the Lab Safety Sheet : You can download a printable version of the Safety Sheet (pdf.)

3. Take the Syllabus Quiz : Download the quiz (Syllabus Quiz pdf.) and answer the questions on a scantron form after reading the syllabus.  You will be turning in the scantron answers during lab the second week of school (Sept. 6th)

4. Take the REVIEW BIOLOGY Test  (Download Review Test ): If you do not feel comfortable with the material covered you can review that material in you Anatomy textbook or in a General Biology Text.  This quiz is designed to allow you to judge whether you have a basic knowledge of general biology.  If the quiz seems difficult or the terms seem completely foreign, I would suggest retaking a general biology course BEFORE attempting Anatomy.  Make sure you are setting yourself up for success!

8/12/18 Purchasing Course Books:

Required Text :

1. Human Anatomy (9th Edition) Martini, F.H.,M.J. Timmons and M.P. McKinley.  Pearson, New Jersey, 2009.  ( ISBN:   9780134769516

2. Biology 47 - Human Anatomy Laboratory Manual: CHiMPS Publishing; West Valley, College Biology Department, C. Peters - Stanton   NOTE: ONLY available at WVC Bookstore

Several purchasing options are available to you: 

1. Viking Bookstore : West Valley Campus Bookstore: You can Purchase all of the books listed in the syllabus directly from the bookstore located  on West Valley campus. The bookstore also provides an online service ( so that you can reserve books & pick them up later or make arrangements for home delivery.   Unfortunately the laboratory manual can only be ordered from the campus bookstore.  It should be available one week before classes start.

2. Online Ordering : For ordering all materials except the laboratory manual.  Since the prices of texts books is definitely a concern you may want to look into purchasing textbooks from a less expensive internet vendor.  The only concern is how long it will take to deliver the text.  If you choose to order from an internet site and your text does not arrive when classes start you can keep up with the required reading by using the text on reserve in the library.   or
 If you have knowledge of any other sources please let me know (email:

3. WVC Library (Reserve Desk) : The Library's reserve desk will have one copy of the current text book which can be checked out for a 2 hour block of time.  Do not wait until the last minute to do your reading since others may also be relying on the reserve text for their reading.  The library is open M - Th 8:00am - 7:30pm , F 8:00 - 12 noon, S noon - 4:00   (408) 741-2028

PLEASE PURCHASE LAB MANUAL BY THE END OF THE FIRST WEEK (you can download labs 1 & 2 below)

8/12/18 ADDING Human Anatomy:

There is an official wait list which can be accessed through Webservices .  If you would like to make sure you add your name to the official list though the WVC Webadvisor.  In addition make sure that you show up to the first day of LAB Tuesday, Aug. 27th at either 7:40am or 12:50pm. 

8/12/18 Tutoring available:
Contact Tutorial Services
This semester we will have one tutor available during lab (Erica Cross) and at least one student available through tutorial services (Rob Johnston)
Accommodations for a Disability: West Valley College strives to make all learning experiences as accessible as possible. If you anticipate or experience academic barriers based on your disability (including  permanent disabilities or chronic or temporary medical conditions), please let me know immediately so that we can privately discuss options.  You are also welcome to register with the Disability and Educational Support Program to establish reasonable accommodations.  After registration, DESP will notify me of your approved accommodations.
DESP contact information: The DESP office is located in the LS building; their phone number is (408) 741-2010 (voice) or (408) 741-2658 (TTY). Information about their services can be found at
8/12/18 Some good resources that might be helpful in addition to the text, lecture notes, lab manual and study room materials:
Apps: Visual Body: Great 3D imaging, click on IDs, quizzes, medical information and pronunciation
Histology flash cards:
Epithelial Tissue Quiz:
Histology Quiz
Histology Slides:
Epithelial and Connective tissue (Mesa College)
Histology Slides

Just some links that might be useful for studying the integument:
Integument Histology Lab - online
Integument Histology Lab - online (Western Australia)
Dartmouth anatomy
Victoria College:

Another nice resource for seeing bones & articulations: AnatomyEXPERT:
Helpful Articulation website: Articulations Lab
Helpful Bone quiz: Quiz
Helpful Bone quiz2 (GetBodySmart) : Quiz
Another great website skeletal system resource: Innerbody
Quiz Photos of skeletal material with labels: Quiz

Also I put in the study room SM55H the integument model, the osteon model and the knee joint (connective tissue).  There is also a working microscope and slides (in black slide box) present in the room.  The study room is for sure open M-TH 9am - 5pm and F 9am-2pm.

Study Tools : Everyone learns differently, it is therefore important to understand how you as an individual can best learn and retain information.  Ultimately your academic success is your responsibility.  If you haven't already done so, you should take the following self assessment test to better understand your specific way of learning.  In addition are some helpful study tips websites. Helpful Study Tips / Hints:

1. Skim your reading assignments prior to class so that you will have baseline understanding of what is going to be covered.  DON”T read and try to commit to memory the information YET.
a. Read the Titles and Bullets
b. Skim the chapter reading
c. Look at the diagrams
d. Skim the lecture handouts; familiarize yourself with the topic to be covered
2. Attend lecture (with this baseline understanding).  Bring your lecture handouts, take good notes using your handouts (or additional paper if you choose).
3. Ask questions when something is unclear
4. Review your lecture notes the same day as the lecture.  You may want to use the following review techniques:
a. Without looking at your notes, write down the overall concept introduced in the lecture.
b. Without looking at your notes, write down all of the detailed information you can remember from the lecture.
c.  Compare what you remember with the actual lecture notes.  Highlight anything that you didn't remember.  This is information that is not yet in you short term memory.
d. Rewrite a complete set of lecture notes.
Remember the goal is to retain the information in your long term memory.  To transition the memories from short term to long term, your best opportunity is to review the information while it is still fresh, the longer you wait the less you will remember and will have to start all over creating new short term memories.  In practice you will actually be saving time!
5. Any questions, which come up during your studying, can be addressed at the next class meeting
6. A few days after the lecture, revisit your notes and repeat the steps a - c above.  If there is significant loss of information, you don't know the material well enough and need to review the lecture again.
7. Read the related information in your textbooks for further clarification.
8. Once you feel you have a good understanding of the material, attempt answering the study questions at the end of the handout.  DO NOT look through your notes to find the answers.  If you do you are only testing how well you can find answers, and remember you will not have the luxury of your study notes on the exam.
9. You can also use the questions in the textbook to help gage your understanding.
10. Read the labs prior to attending class.
11. Participate in all lab activities
12. Answer all lab questions with completeness and accuracy
13. If you have done all of this - then the weekend before the exam will be simply review.
14. Make sure you are getting a good night's sleep prior to the exams


Planning on going to SJSU Nursing ?  Here's what to expect for reading assignments - JUST the first semester of BOOKS
Journals Sites :  Good Reference Web Sites :
Great Sites for Physiology / Anatomy  Applicable Information
  • Red Sox Pitcher injures his Peroneus Longus tendon sheath : Unprecedented surgery saves Game 6 - Article
  • Lecture Question about tendon / ligament adaptation to exercise : Answer YES tendons / ligaments strengthen in response to exercise : Journal of Rehabilitation & Research Development

West Valley College  
Page created by: Christine Peters-Stanton
Updated: Jan. 19,  2015